a national registry of
Reviewing existing listings
Besides recommending new listings, TFAO
welcomes volunteers to review existing
listings. Volunteers should check with TFAO before choosing a portion of
the alphabetical index to work on to make sure no one else is working on
the same portion of the catalogue.
TFAO recommends, as the first step in the review of existing
listings for a letter of the alphabet, that the volunteer open three browser
windows. The first browser window shows the America's
Distinguished Artists page under study. The second window is for Resource
Library advanced search.
The third window is for Google's search
page set for 30 results per page.
Artist names on a page for a chosen letter of the alphabet
are then checked.
If there is a link to a Resource Library page for
an artist, the volunteer reviews the artist entry as follows:
- -- If the Resource Library link's tag indicates
that the link is to an article or essay dedicated solely
to the artist by a named author or to an article dedicated solely
to an artist, the volunteer need not access the Resource Library
link or search the Web for more information. If, in addition to the Resource
Library link, an outside website link is already listed, the volunteer
checks the outside link for linkrot (Wikipedia links are stable and need
not be re-checked). If the outside source link is invalid the volunteer
recommends removal of the link and need not search further. If the outside
source link is valid the volunteer need not search for a more informative
- -- If the Resource Library link's tag indicates
that the link is to an article or essay not solely dedicated
to the artist by a named author or to an article not dedicated solely
to an artist and there is no outside link yet listed, the volunteer searches
the Web via Google for a source with further information. If, in addition
to the Resource Library link, an outside source link is already
listed, the volunteer checks for linkrot and, if found, searches the Web
for an outside source with an informative biography. Only the first 20
Google search results need be studied.
- If there is an outside source link in addition to the
Resource Library link, and the outside link is broken, and no replacement
biographical information is found in the Web, the volunteer advises TFAO
that there is no replacement listing. The broken link is then removed but
the artist name is retained in the catalogue with the following citation:
[Access unavailable as of 2015 audit. There is currently no other
acceptable online reference for this artist. TFAO is saving the citation
for use by researchers.]
- TFAO adds only one outside source link
if there is already a link to a Resource Library page. A link to
a Resource Library page is never removed if a link is placed to
an outside source.
If there is only a link to a non-Resource Library
page for an artist, the volunteer reviews the artist entry as follows:
- The volunteer checks to see if the link is live or broken.
As noted above, Wikipedia links are stable and need not be checked.
- If the outside link is still valid the volunteer decides,
based on the amount of information in the current outside source's biography,
whether or not to search the Web for a substitute biography.
- If the link is broken the volunteer conducts an online
search for a replacement link. Broken links may occur for a variety of
reasons. Owners of pages may choose to relocate artist biographies to other
pages. In other cases biographies are permanently erased. Sometimes there
is a "Not Found" message. For a broken link the volunteer may
recommend to TFAO a new link on the source's website. To do this, a volunteer
can use Google's advanced search option to search within the domain name
of the broken link. In other cases a full search of the Web is needed.
- If no replacement biographical information from the Web
is found in the case of a broken outside source link, and no information
about the artist is found in Resource Library, the volunteer advises
TFAO that there is no replacement listing for the artist. The useless link
is then removed but the non-linked artist name is retained in the catalogue
with the following citation: [Access unavailable as of 2015 audit.
There is currently no other acceptable online reference for this artist.
TFAO is saving the citation for use by researchers.]
The use of an online link
checker for single pages can be useful after a page is manually checked
to make sure that no disabled links were missed.
The volunteer reviews the information retrieved by the
online search for each artist to determine the best Web page (URL) for recommendation
to TFAO and then sends recommendations including URLs by email to TFAO at
Hint: On the average volunteers spend about one
hour to review and process 20-30 names in the America's Distinguished Artists
catalogue. In 2015 the linkrot frequency during each month's review of non-Resource
Library links was in the 5 to 10 percent range.
Using search engines
- When using a search engine to locate non-Resource
Library pages, TFAO recommends putting the word "artist"
after the artist's name in the search box to help narrow down the search
results. There is no need to review more than 30 search results for an
- Google searches commonly
display pages from several auction sites and poster sites on the first
page of search results. When this occurs it is necessary to view search
results beyond these listings. Auction site, poster site and gallery site
pages with prices for art objects on the same pages as biographies are
not used since the information is likely to be temporary or restricted
to subscribers. Search results leading to art.com, artcyclopedia.com, Arcadja.com,
Invaluable.com, artinfo.com, ArtNet.com, artprice.com, AskArt.com, findartinfo.com,
jstor.org, liveauctioneers.com, MutualArt.com, wwar.com, and poster sites
are not used. All links to artist biographies must contain 100% free information.
TFAO avoids Web pages that require a fee to view complete biographies.
Judgment by volunteers
- Volunteers use subjective criteria in determining the
best non-Resource Library Web page with biographical information
for recommendation including
- -- quality of the source
- -- credentials of the author
- -- likely permanence of the information on the source's
- Preference is given to
- -- biographical information by recognized scholars for
- -- university and museum sources
- -- principal art dealers for the estate of an artist
- -- descendants of an artist
- To learn more about judgment made by volunteers see accuracy and trustworthiness. Also see TFAO's page
Acquisition and deselection of content regarding
the quality of Wikipedia's information.
- TFAO receives no compensation for providing
links to biographical information in other websites and does not pay owners
of websites to place links to their pages.
Recognition to volunteers
TFAO greatly appreciates the efforts made by volunteers
to improve the America's Distinguished Artists catalogue. TFAO will acknowledge
volunteers who contribute new listings on the appropriate page.
Return to America's Distinguished
Artists site guide
Individual pages in this catalogue
are continuously amended. Refreshing or reloading pages enables readers
to view the latest updates.
Links to sources of information outside of our website
are provided only as referrals for your further consideration. Please use
due diligence in judging the quality of information contained in these and
all other web sites. Information from linked sources may be inaccurate or
out of date. TFAO neither recommends or endorses these referenced organizations.
Although TFAO includes links to other web sites, it takes no responsibility
for the content or information contained on those other sites, nor exerts
any editorial or other control over them. For more information on evaluating
web pages see TFAO's General Resources
section in Online Resources for Collectors and Students of Art History.
Copyright 2015 Traditional Fine Arts Organization, Inc., an Arizona nonprofit corporation. All rights