Texas Art History
with an emphasis on representational art
Texts contained in Resource Library by named authors listed by author name in alphabetical order:
Picturing Palo Duro by Michael Grauer
Texas Impressionism: Branding with Brushstroke and Color, 1885-1935 by Michael Grauer
Introduction from "Celebrating America: Masterworks from Texas Collections" by Jane Myers and Barbara McCandless
The Amarillo High School Art Collection, by Graziella Marchicelli
Articles contained in Resource Library without named authors listed by article name in alphabetical order:
Crossing State Lines: Texas Art from the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston
The Eyes of Texas - the Lone Star State as Seen by Her Artists
Lone Star Legacy: The Barrett Collection of Early Texas Art
Lone Star Still Lifes
The Pictures of Texas Monthly: Twenty-five Years
Self-Taught Texas Artists
Texas State Capitol Historical Art Collection
Museums and other non-profit sources of Resource Library articles and essays:
Please click on the name of each source to view articles and essays related to that source:
African American Museum
American Plains Artists
Amon Carter Museum
Archer M. Huntington Art Gallery
Art Museum of Southeast Texas
Art Studio, Inc.
Austin Museum of Art
Baylor University Art Museums
Blaffer Gallery, the Art Museum of the University of Houston
Cowboy Artists of America Museum
Dallas Museum of Art
Dougherty Arts Center / Julia Butridge Gallery
Ellen Noël Art Museum
El Paso Museum of Art
Jack S. Blanton Museum of Art
McNay Art Museum
Meadows Museum at Southern Methodist University
Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth
Michelson Museum of Art
Museum of Texas Tech University
Museum of Fine Arts, Houston
Museum of the Southwest
National Scouting Museum
Old Jail Art Center
Panhandle-Plains Historical Museum
San Antonio Museum of Art
Sid Richardson Collection of Western Art
Southwestern Watercolor Society
Stark Museum of Art
Stark University Center Galleries
Texas State Capitol Historical Art Collection
Tyler Museum of Art
Other online information:
Artists from Texas from Wikipedia
Center for the Advancement and Study of Early Texas Art has a News and Events section with a calendar of exhibits on early Texas art.
Chicano Mural Movement from the Texas State Historical Association
Dallas Museum of Art provided on its website as of March, 2013 a section titled "Exhibition Catalogues from the Archives," which offers selected exhibition catalogues for free reading in .pdf format from 1903 through 1946. Many cover Texas art history. Also, the DMA website made available another section titled "Texas Art," including Texas Artist Databases, Texas Exhibition History and other materials, plus teaching materials in a Texas Art resources section.
Dallas Nine from the Texas State Historical Association
Fort Worth School of artists from the Texas State Historical Association
Indian Rock Art from the Texas State Historical Association
Intimate Modernism: Fort Worth Circle Artists in the 1940s from Amon Carter Museum of American Art
Lone Star Legacy | Texas Artists of the Early 20th Century from Southwest Art, March 2005. [accessed 2/28/13]
New Deal/WPA Art in Texas from Nancy Lorance
The Painted Churches of Texas, Echoes of the Homeland, a documentary from klru-tv
"Painting of Battle of San Jacinto, a piece of Texas history, surfaces" by Cristina Pena, Cox Newspapers. Published: 03 November 2010. The article chronicles the discovery and significance of an important painting by Henry Arthur McArdle.
Past Exhibitions page in the William Reaves Fine Art website includes exhibition catalogs placed online in .pdf format. Catalogs include biographies of early Texas artists. Catalogs presented include: "Early Texas: A Fall Selection," November 11 - December 17, 2011; "The Presence of Light: Sky and Light in the Texas Landscape" November 19 - December 18, 2010; "Texas Paper: Watercolors, Pastels and Drawings from the Lone Star State," December 10, 2009 - December 19, 2009; "Painting West Texas: 35 Artists/100 years," January 1, 2009 - January 31, 2009.
Portal to Texas History website contained as of 2013 selected DMA exhibition catalogues and related exhibition material from 1903 through 1984 available for online viewing.
Review by Selene Hinojosa, Texas State University-San Marcos, of "Collecting Early Texas Art" panel session at the 2007 annual meeting of the Art Libraries Society of North America/Texas-Mexico Chapter. Ms. Hinojosa said that the panelists included: "...Michael Duty, Director of Dallas Historical Society and former Director of Wichita Falls Museum, David Dike of David Dike Fine Art gallery owner/dealer of Texas Art, George Palmer, an originator of TACO, the Texas Art Collectors Organization (allied with CASETA, the Center for the Advancement and Study of Early Texas Art, which is on the Texas State University campus in San Marcos; TACO now has groups in Austin, Houston, Dallas, and El Paso), and Kevin Vogel, son of well known Texas painter Donald Stanley Vogel, and director of Valley House Gallery and Sculpture Garden."
Review of First Annual Texas Regional Art Symposium at Heard-Craig Center for the Arts, from Signet Art
"Texas Artists and Art Movements" by Jeffrey Murrah from ezinearticles
Texas Artists: Paintings, Sculpture, and Works on Paper, accesssed in 2013 from Southern Methodist University's Central University Libraries' Digital Collections..
Texas Art: A Sense of History, an exhibit held April 24 - August 22, 2010 at the Witte Museum
Texas Bluebonnet Paintings, a website devoted to early Texas Wildlife artists, by Jeffrey Morseburg
Texas Fine Arts Association from the Texas State Historical Association
Texas Monuments, Statues & Shrines, from Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC., catalogues dozens of monuments and statues in Texas public places.
Texas Panhandle Artists from West Texas A&M University
"Texas Treasures" by Michael R. Grauer, October, 2011, from Texas Monthly
Books, listed by year of publication, with most recently published book listed first:
Intimate Modernism: Fort Worth Circle Artists in the 1940s, By Jane Myers and Scott Grant Barker, published by Amon Carter Museum, 2008. ISBN-10: 0883601036. 208 pages. Google Books says: "Artspace critic Dave Hickey once identified the Fort Worth Circle as 'Texas' first indigenous group of consciously cosmopolitan and irrefutably modern artists.' Their work, he wrote, 'represents the fruit of a special time in the culture of the western United States.' This book chronicles the Circle's distinctive output during the 1940s, the decade of their genesis and greatest innovation. These 'genuine citizens of the world,' as Hickey called them, possessed an unconventional vision that radically sidestepped the traditional art of post-Depression Texas. Drawing from their own fertile imaginations, the members of the Circle responded to modern art by creating a unique aesthetic based on contemporary surrealism and abstraction."
Engraved Prints of Texas, 1554-1900, By Mavis Parrott Kelsey, Robin Brandt Hutchison, Published by Texas A&M University Press, 2005. ISBN 1585442704, 9781585442706. 478 pages. Google Books says: "For centuries Texas has fired the imagination of artists as well as explorers and settlers. Before modern photography, engravings were the principal type of illustration used by artists to portray images of the state. Now, in this extensive catalogue, authors Mavis P. Kelsey, Sr., and Robin Brandt Hutchison have surveyed all engraved illustrations about Texas published before 1900. Engraved Prints of Texas, 1554-1900 presents the whole range of early Texas history as portrayed in published engravings: from the first printed representation of a buffalo in 1554 to a 1900 view of the University of Texas Medical School in Galveston. Entries include information on more than 2,000 engravings, 470 of which are illustrated in this volume. Presented chronologically by century and decade of publication, each chapter features a brief introduction to the historical background of the era, highlighting key illustrations and placing the art within the context of major events of the period. Several topical discussions address subjects that span decades or recur as pervasive themes in illustration. Historians, teachers, and scholars will find this catalogue a useful reference for locating pictorial representations of particular events, subjects, or persons. It is an indispensable source for lovers of Texas history and an important contribution to preserving the visual record."
Texas Painters, Sculptors & Graphic Artists: A Biographical Dictionary of Artists in Texas Before 1942, By John E. Powers, Deborah Daniels Powers. Published by Woodmont Books, 2000. ISBN 0966962206, 9780966962208. 606 pages. Contains nformation on the Abilene Art League, Amarillo Art Association
Texas: 150 Works from the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, By Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Alison de Lima Greene, Alejandra Jimenez. Published by Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, 2000. Original from the University of Michigan. Digitized Nov 13, 2007. ISBN 0810967065, 9780810967069. 278 pages. Google Books says: "This fascinating book provides the first assessment of the artists who have shaped the rich history of art in Texas, from its 19th-century origins to the diversity of the present scene. Published to accompany an exhibition of selected works from the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, this lavishly illustrated volume reveals the complexity of America's most fabled state as seen through the eyes of its leading artists. The artists highlighted here include figures of national prominence like Robert Wilson; emerging artists such as Helen Altman and Jesse Amado; and artists who have made a significant impact on the evolution of American art, from the Texas-born Robert Rauschenberg to artists who have worked in Texas for extended periods like Rackstraw Downes and Donald Judd. Exploring and exploding the cliches that have defined the Lone Star state and its art, this is an important contribution both to regional history and contemporary art."
Dictionary of Texas Artists: 1800-1945 by Paula L. Grauer & Michael R. Grauer, Texas A&M Press, College Station, TX, 1999
Texas Art and a Wildcatter's Dream: Edgar B. Davis and the San Antonio Art League, By William E. Reaves. Contributor Richard Casagrande, Cecilia Steinfeldt. Published by Texas A&M University Press, 1998. ISBN 0890968209, 9780890968208. 97 pages. Google Books says: "When a Texas oilman funded a national art competition in the late 1920s, the generous prize money swiftly attracted such artists as Oscar E. Berninghaus and Herbert Dunton (founding members of the Taos Society of Artists). In addition to a gallery of color plates representing the best of the winning entries, this book offers an intriguing portrait of art philanthropy and the development of artistic trends. The San Antonio Art League w From this alliance of philanthropy and talent came what Cecilia Steinfeldt calls "a milestone in the saga of Texas art history". Eventually, the controversy and visibility generated by the competition fueled the regionalist movement that would reject impressionism and gain prominence in the 1930s. The story of Edgar B. Davis, the Yankee entrepreneur -- turned -- Luling, Texas, oilman, is as intriguing as that of the competitions he sponsored. Inspired by a mystical conviction that his success was intended for the public good, he established charitable foundations and supported the arts. A foreword by art historian Cecilia Steinfeldt places the competitions in historical perspective, and an afterword by art appraiser and teacher Richard Casagrande provides commentary on individual paintings." (right: front cover of Texas Art and a Wildcatter's Dream: Edgar B. Davis and the San Antonio Art League, image courtesy of Google Books)
A Comprehensive Guide to Outdoor Sculpture in Texas, By Carol Morris Little. Published by University of Texas Press, 1996. ISBN 0292760361, 9780292760363. 499 pages. Google Books says: "Travel anywhere in Texas, and you're sure to see sculpture in public settings. From the Confederate soldiers that stand sentinel on many courthouse lawns to the works of internationally renowned modern artists such as Alexander Calder, Texas' outdoor sculpture encompasses an amazing range of subjects, styles, and artists. In this irresistibly browsable book, Carol Morris Little offers thumbnail descriptions of over 1,200 pieces of outdoor sculpture. The entries are grouped by city and, within city, by artist. A typical entry includes the artist' name, birth date, and nationality; the sculpture' date, type, size, material, location, and source of funding; and a comments section that gives interesting facts about the work. Many of the sculptures are also illustrated by black-and-white photographs. Carol Little' introduction offers a concise, reliable history of outdoor sculpture in Texas, from early memorial pieces to current whimsies such as Stanley Marsh' Cadillac Ranch near Amarillo. Along the way, she discusses the contributions of Texas sculptors such as Elisabet Ney, Charles Umlauf, and Glenna Goodacre, as well as non-Texans such as Barbara Hepworth, Joan Miro, Henry Moore, Louise Nevelson, Auguste Rodin, and many others. With this comprehensive guide in hand, all Texas residents and visitors will discover the wealth of sculpture that enlivens our public spaces. Perfect for trips around the state, the book will be equally valuable for art historians, landscape designers, teachers, librarians, and local historical associations-indeed, everyone seeking information on Texas' sculptural heritage." (right: front cover of A Comprehensive Guide to Outdoor Sculpture in Texas, image courtesy of Google Books)
Painting Texas History to 1900, By Sam DeShong Ratcliffe. Published by University of Texas Press, 1992. ISBN 029278113X, 9780292781139. 140 pages. Google Books says: "T'exas history has long been celebrated by historians, fiction writers, and film makers, but this handsome volume represents the first detailed examination of the state' history in paintings. . . . A useful contribution to historians' understanding of how artworks have functioned to create, reflect, and reinforce Americans' visions of this specific part of America' multiple Wests.'--Western Historical Quarterly. Dramatic historical events have frequently provided subject matter for artists, particularly in pre-twentieth-century Texas, where works portraying historical, often legendary, events and individuals predominated. Until now, however, these paintings of Texas history have never received the kind of study given to historical, fictional, and film versions of the same events. Painting Texas History to 1900 fills this gap with an interdisciplinary approach that explores these paintings both as works of art and as historical documents.The author examines the works of more than forty artists, including Henry McArdle, Theodore Gentilz, Robert Onderdonk, William Huddle, Frederic Remington, Friedrich Richard Petri, Arthur T. Lee, Seth Eastman, Sarah Hardinge, Frank Reaugh, W. G. M. Samuel, Carl G. von Iwonski, and Julius Stockfleth. He places each work within its historical and cultural context to show why such subject matter was chosen, why it was depicted in a particular way, and why such a depiction gained popular acceptance. For example, paintings of heroic events of the Texas Revolution were especially popular in the years following the Civil War, when, in Ratcliffe' view, Texans needed such images to assuage the loss of the war and the humiliation of Reconstruction.Though the paintings cut across traditional art history categories--from the pictographs of early historic Indians to European-inspired oil paintings--they are bound together by their artists' intent for them to function as historically evocative documents. With their visual narratives of events that characterized all of America' westward expansion--Indian encounters, military battles, farming, ranching, surveying, and the closing of the frontier--these works add an important chapter to the story of the American West." (left: front cover of Painting Texas History to 1900, image courtesy of Google Books)
Artists of Texas: Volume III by J. Pat Breedlove & Cindy Breedlove, Mountain Productions Inc, Albuquerque, New Mexico, 1990
A Century of Sculpture in Texas, 1889-1989, By Patricia D. Hendricks, Becky Duval Reese, Archer M. Huntington Art Gallery, University of Texas at Austin. Published by University of Texas at Austin, 1989. Original from the University of Michigan. Digitized Nov 13, 2007. 185 pages. Google Books says: "Issued in connection with the exhibition held at Archer M. Huntington Art Gallery, College of Fine Arts, the University of Texas at Austin, June 16-August 13, 1989, and other museums."
Artists of Texas: Volume II by J. Pat Breedlove & Cindy Breedlove, Mountain Productions Inc, Albuquerque, New Mexico, c.1988
The Texas Hill Country : Interpretations by Thirteen Artists (Joe and Betty Moore Texas Art Series, No 5), by A. C. Greene. Paperback (December 1987)
Artists of Texas: Volume I by J. Pat Breedlove / Cindy Breedlove , Mountain Productions Inc, Albuquerque / Alto, New Mexico, 1986
The Texas Landscape, 1900-1986, By Susie Kalil, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. Published by Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, 1986. Original from the University of California. Digitized May 21, 2008. ISBN 0890900345, 9780890900345. 96 pages. Google Books says: "Issued on the occasion of an exhibition to be held May 17-Sept. 7, 1986 in celebration of the Texas sesquicentennial."
Lone Star Regionalism: The Dallas Nine and Their Circle, 1928-1945, By Rick Stewart, Dallas Museum of Art. Published by Texas Monthly Press, 1985. Original from the University of Michigan. Digitized Nov 8, 2007. ISBN 0877190143, 9780877190141. 199 pages
Folk Art in Texas, By Francis Edward Abernethy. Photographs by Francis Edward Abernethy. Published by Southern Methodist University Press, 1985. Original from the University of Michigan. Digitized Oct 7, 2008. ISBN 0870742108, 9780870742101. 203 pages
Texas Images & Visions, By Becky Duval Reese, William H Goetzmann, Archer M. Huntington Art Gallery, Dept. of Rare Books and Special Collections, Library, University of Rochester. Published by Univ. of Texas Press, 1983
Seventy-five Years of Art in Dallas: The History of the Dallas Art Association and the Dallas Museum of Fine Arts, By Jerry Bywaters. Published by Dallas Museum of Fine Arts. Jan. 24 - Feb. 28, 1978
20th century women in Texas art: Exhibition Calendar, September 3-September 29, 1974, Laguna Gloria Art Museum, Austin, Texas, By Patricia D Hendricks, Laguna Gloria Art Museum, Laguna Gloria Art Museum. Published by Laguna Gloria Art Museum, 1974. 36 pages
TEXAS PAINTING AND SCULPTURE: 20TH CENTURY, Published by Southern Methodist University. Pollock Galleries, 1971. 97 pages
Early Texas Art in the Witte Museum, By Witte Memorial Museum, Martha Utterback. Published by Witte Museum, 1968. 64 pages
Painting in Texas: The Nineteenth Century, By Pauline A. Pinckney, Amon Carter Museum of Western Art. Published by Published for the Amon Carter Museum of Western Art, Fort Worth, by the University of Texas Press, 1967. Original from the University of Michigan. Digitized Feb 14, 2008. 232 pages
A Century of Art and Life in Texas: Dallas Museum of Fine Arts, April 9-May 7, 1961, By Dallas Museum of Fine Arts, Dallas Museum of Fine Arts. Published by Dallas Museum of Fine Arts, 1961. 28 pages
Monuments erected by the State of Texas to commemorate the centenary of Texas independence: the report of the Commission of Control for Texas Centennial Celebrations, By Texas Commission of Control for Texas Centennial Celebrations, Harold Schoen, Commission of Control for Texas Centennial Celebrations, Texas. Published by Steck Co., 1939. 214 pages
Art and Artists of Texas by Esse Forrester-O'Brien, Tardy Publishing, Dallas, Texas, 1935
A History of Texas Artists and Sculptors, By Frances Battaile Fisk. Published by F.B. Fisk, 1928. 228 pages
The Creative Arts in Texas: A Handbook of Biography, By Goldie Capers Smith. Published by Cokesbury press, 1926. 178 pages
Rebecca S. Cohen: "The Texas American Art Trail: Introduction" American Art Review November-December 2001 (Volume XIII, Number 6)
Michael R. Grauer: "Women Artists of Texas, 1900-1960" American Art Review November-December 2006 (Volume XVIII, Number 6)
Mark Morey: "Amarillo Museum of Art" American Art Review November-December 2001 (Volume XIII, Number 6)
Emily Ballew Neff & Melina Kervandjian: "Museum of Fine Arts, Houston" American Art Review November-December 2001 (Volume XIII, Number 6)
Ellen Osborne: American Art Review "Bayou Bend Collection and Gardens: Renovation and Restoration" Fall 93
Richard H. Saunders: "The Blanton Museum of Art, C. R. Smith Collection" American Art Review November-December 2004 (Volume XVI, Number 6)
Gerry D. Scott, III: "San Antonio Museum of Art" American Art Review November-December 2001 (Volume XIII, Number 6)
William R. Thompson: "EI Paso Museum of Art" American Art Review November-December 2001 (Volume XIII, Number 6)
Gudmund Vigtel: High Museum of Art: American Landscape Paintings from the High Museum, 1981, Gudmund Vigtel, Introduction. (32 pages total)
Do you know of additional sources whether online or paper-printed? TFAO welcomes your suggestions. Please send them to:
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