Scholarly Text from Private
An emphasis of Resource
Library, a publication of Traditional Fine Arts Organization
(TFAO), is making available to its online readers scholarly texts beneficial
for the study of representational art in the United
States covering numerous topics and artists throughout the nation's history.
For both a count of articles and essays with named authors published online
in Resource Library and a list of authors of those texts please click here.
While the majority of texts published by Resource Library
are accepted from institutional
sources, topical articles and essays from individuals and other private
sources are also published. Texts with solid educational and historic value
are welcomed from individual writers, artist organizations and commercial
galleries. Texts from galleries are usually essays from exhibition catalogues.
Why is this publication
valuable to the public?
Resource Library is the most
comprehensive online source of information on American representational
art. It is of value to scholars, teachers, students, individuals Shaping an Art Collection and the general
- Few libraries hold numerous scholarly texts related to
American art. Resource Library readers from all corners of America
and the world have access to extensive texts and images provided by many
institutional and private sources. Click here
to view an estimate of TFAO's total quantity of image and text files. Some
text files contain many thousands of words.
- TFAO is unaware of any other online source of information
within its field of interest that provides indexes with the depth of those
found on TFAO's website. TFAO indexes all articles and essays in four ways:
chronological date of Resource
Library publication, sources including non-profit art
museums, galleries and art centers plus academies,
associations, ateliers and societies, authors
- All content in Resource Library is searchable
both by external search engines and internally, sharply reducing time needed
to find relevant information when compared to most brick an mortar libraries.
- Privacy of users is important to TFAO. User tracking
cookies are not installed by TFAO on its website. A benefit of this policy
is that users access pages online very quickly.
- Resource Library's "word-wrap"
method of online content presentation allows widths of lines of text to
automatically adjust to fit all screen sizes.
Pages to be easily read on all devices that connect to the Web including
hand-held devices such as the iPhone and iPad. (left
and right: the Apple iPhone and iPad, which contain Web browsers, are recent
example of devices that provides access to the full contents of TFAO's
web site. Images courtesy Apple Computer)
Aid for the handicapped
- Visual impaired individuals can easily increase the size
of Resource Library texts they are reading on the screen. This benefit
is possible by the way in which Resource Library publishes articles
Freedom from economic constraints
- Since Resource Library does not bear the cost
burden of printing and distributing articles and essays on paper, whole
texts can be economically published online instead of condensations. Also,
there is no charge to readers.
Information on authors
- For each article or essay attributable
to a named author, Resource Library welcomes a 100-150 word narrative biography of
the author to enable readers to become familiar with the author's education
and accomplishments. This knowledge helps readers judge scholarship quality
and provides stimulation for seeking out more of an author's works.
Information on catalogues
- Where applicable, accompanying each essay
Resource Library welcomes a 100-150 word description of the catalogue containing
the essay, a photo of the front cover of the catalogue, plus guidance to readers on
where to purchase the catalogue.
Offline reading convenience
- Some individuals prefer to print on paper texts for later
reading. Other individuals find uncomfortable the reading of lengthy texts
on a computer screen. For these reasons Resource Library makes possible the option of printing online
contents on paper.
- One of the features of Resource Library's method
of presentation is that every published page can be easily translated to
a variety of languages through simple online instructions.
- Please see more on issues
regarding scholarly texts being addressed by Resource Library
Why is this publication
valuable to the copyright holder?
Increased visibility and stimulus for sales
- Resource Library increases
the visibility of copyright holders' texts, guides viewers to copyright
owners' web sites and provides stimulus for additional sales -- all
at no cost to the owners of the texts -- to a large audience. TFAO's Web
site is among the world's most visited sites
devoted to American art. Sources and source documents are thoroughly identified
and credited. Complimentary links are provided to copyright holders'
web sites and appropriate phone numbers are provided.
- Texts are usually unaccompanied by images and their captions
to encourage readers to purchase publications directly through the source's
distribution channels. People
who most want images accompanying texts are generally those seeking to
purchase coffee table books and add them to their collections. Online texts
without images, however, are very valuable to students and scholars conducting
research -- and who are less likely to purchase books. 
- To stimulate sales, many university presses
and commercial publishers including Abbeville have made available on their
web sites online essays from art-related titles. In addition, numerous
publishers have cooperated with Amazon and Google Books to allow online
access to texts in their books. In the case of art books, often these texts
- Michael Lesk, a professor at Rutgers University, provides
into consumer purchasing behavior. He says: "The National Academy
Press has, for a few years, been putting all their new books on the Web
for free access, and providing the complete text of each book. To the surprise
of many, the result has been an increase in their print sales. Similarly
the Brookings Institute has put 100 of its books online free, and the paper
sales of those books have doubled. This result is perhaps similar to the
experience of record companies, which found years ago that having their
records played free on the radio increased disk sales."
- Please see these Resource
Library texts for examples:
- The Pursuit of Form; essay
by Peter Campion (11/6/08)
- American Printmakers and
the Federal Art Project; essay by Mary Francey (10/18/08)
- The Art of Vermont; article
by Mickey Myers (8/28/08)
- Indiana Women Artists: Then
and Now; essay by Rachel Berenson Perry (7/7/08)
No charges to sources
- Resource Library does not charge for publication of articles and
essays. Choice of content is not influenced by gifts
or sponsorships. Also, Resource Library does not accept advertising.
Protection of copyright
- Texts are usually republished from paper-printed exhibition
catalogues and gallery brochures. Approval is given by the owner of
a text for one-time republishing -- with no dilution of the owner's copyright.
Resource Library dissuades individuals from copyright infringement
and plagiarism in its User Agreement
page. TFAO encourages students to thoroughly learn about plagiarism and
encourages teachers to explain the meaning of plagiarism, how it may occur,
the harm it causes and the legal penalties for its practice. TFAO discusses
plagiarism and copyright infringement in the General
Resources section of its Resources for Collectors,
Life Long Learners, Students and Teachers of Art History.
Protection from unauthorized editing and posting
- Unlike Wikipedia and similar web sites, texts published
in Resource Library cannot be edited or directly posted by the public.
To provide oversight of source authenticity, TFAO's director has personally
approved all content for publication since Resource Library's inception.
Content provided by a named author is never altered without permission
of the author. For further information please see errors
and omissions, acquisition and deselection
of content for the TFAO Digital Library and digitizing
Individuals are invited to submit by email information
on artists mentioned in previously published Resource Library articles.
This information may be intended to enhance or correct previously published
information. Accepted text will be placed after the end of the article within
a new editor's note. The source of the new information will be given credit
for the submission. The name of the source will be accompanied by contact
information such as a postal address, email address or phone number. For
further information please see errors and omissions.
For next steps, please see information
for submitting materials.
Also please see
Resource Library's complete content presentation
Resource Library also suggests
that private sources of texts consider:
- making available on their websites downloads of scholarly
texts from gallery guides, brochures and catalogues.
- digitizing initiatives intended for profit as described
1. Although image captions are usually not included, captions for images
included in paper-printed books may be appended to an essay at the request
of the copyright holder, following a mutually agreed upon methodology. Also,
as stated in Resource Library's Content Presentation
Guidelines "In order to preserve the integrity of the original
essay text, figure or catalogue image number references within the essay
text are preserved. Examples are '...Western paintings (Cat. No. 4)' and
'...classes at the Ferrer Center (figs. 23-27)'".
If a source is in a position to grant to Resource Library permission
for inclusion of agreed upon images of art objects with online texts, and
wishes this done, the request may be accommodated. Since some images in
the possession of a source may be held for the sole purpose of providing
publicity for an exhibition or other restricted use, extra caution is in
order to protect the usage licenses granted by copyright holders of images.
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